A comprehensive textbook on Civil Rights in America, documenting the US civil rights movement from the introduction of slavery through to the enforcement of the Civil Rights Act and eradication of all discriminatory practices. This textbook was created by the US Bureau of International Information Programs and is available in Public Domain.
Principal text written by Michael Jay Friedman, Division Chief for Print Publications at the Department of State’s Bureau of international information Programs. Friedman holds a PhD in U.S. political and diplomatic history.
Executive Editor: George Clack Editor-in-Chief: Mildred Solá Neely Managing Editor: Michael Jay Friedman Art Director: Min-Chih Yao Photo Research: Maggie Johnson Sliker
CONTENTS of Free At Last – The US Civil Rights Movement
Slavery Spreads to America A Global Phenomenon Transplanted to America Slavery Takes Hold Slave Life and Institutions Family Bonds Spotlight: The Genius of the Black Church
“Three-Fifths of Other Persons:” A Promise Deferred 8 A Land of Liberty?
The Pen of Frederick Douglass The Underground Railroad By the Sword The Rebellious John Brown The American Civil War Spotlight: Black Soldiers in the Civil War
“Separate but Equal:” African Americans Respond to the Failure of Reconstruction
Congressional Reconstruction Temporary Gains … and Reverses The Advent of “Jim Crow” Booker T. Washington: The Quest for Economic Independence W.E.B. Du Bois: The Push for Political Agitation Spotlight: Marcus Garvey: Another Path
Charles Hamilton Houston and Thurgood Marshall Launch the Legal Challenge to Segregation
Charles Hamilton Houston: The Man Who Killed Jim Crow Thurgood Marshall: Mr. Civil Rights The Brown Decision Spotlight: Ralph Johnson Bunche: Scholar and Statesman Spotlight: Jackie Robinson: Breaking the Color Barrier
“We Have a Movement”
“Tired of Giving In:” The Montgomery Bus Boycott Sit-Ins Freedom Rides The Albany Movement Arrest in Birmingham Letter From Birmingham Jail “We Have a Movement” The March on Washington Spotlight: Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement Spotlight: Civil Rights Workers: Death in Mississippi Spotlight: Medgar Evers: Martyr of the Mississippi Movement
“It Cannot Continue:” Establishing Legal Equality
Changing Politics Lyndon Baines Johnson The Civil Rights Act of 1964 The Act’s Powers The Voting Rights Act of 1965: e Background Bloody Sunday in Selma The Selma-to-Montgomery March The Voting Rights Act Enacted What the Act Does Spotlight: White Southerners’ Reactions to the Civil Rights Movement
The Triumphs of the Civil Rights Movement
<End of Contents – Free at Last, a comprehensive book on the US Civil Rights Movement>
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