Grade 10 ESL Textbook – Namibian Open Schools Initiative

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Text and Images from ESL Printables Grade 10

Activity 4
Look at the title of the passage below. What do you think is the main
idea of the passage? Write it down on a separate sheet of paper.

Read the passage to see if you have predicted correctly

Reading Activity

Water and Health (Text 1)
There are very important links in water, sanitation, hygiene and health. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 11.5 billion people do not have a safe supply of drinking water. More than 5 million people die from waterborne diseases that could be improved by drinking from a safe water supply and having good sanitation facilities. Yet, there are simple and cost effective methods for purifying water and setting up sanitation systems. With
the correct information and a few basic ingredients, everyone should be able to make sure the water they drink is safe. Pit latrines are easy to build and are a very satisfactory form of sanitation. The basic design can be adapted to
suit many different circumstances.

Diseases linked to water make up more than 80% of all diseases in developing countries such as Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Indonesia and the Philippines. These same water related diseases account for more than 90% of the 13 million child deaths in developing countries each year. These diseases include illnesses such as malaria, bilharzia, diarrhoea, typhoid and cholera.

Answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper.
4.1 In what kind of countries do we find many water related diseases?

4.2 From which kind of diseases do 9 out of 10 children die in
developing countries?

Now, let’s look at one of those diseases mentioned in the previous passage. Read the passage below quickly. Then read the questions.


Diarrhoea is one of the leading causes of death among Namibian children under five. This is mostly due to the fact that diarrhoea causes dehydration. Most children who die from diarrhoea actually die from dehydration.

Diarrhoea is associated with lack of clean water supplies and appropriate sanitation facilities. In many parts of our country,! ! children suffer from diarrhoea about 8 or 9 times a year. Repeated attacks of diarrhoea not only threaten children’s lives, but can cause or aggravate malnutrition, thus stunting children’s growth, both physically and mentally.

The biggest danger of diarrhoea is that of dehydration. Dehydration occurs when the body loses more liquid than it takes in. People of any age can become dehydrated, but dehydration develops most quickly and is most dangerous in small children.

signs of dehydration:
•little or no urine (the urine is dark yellow)
•!sudden weight loss
•dry mouth
•sunken, tearless eyes

Source: Unknown

Now read the passage a second time, then answer the questions that follow on a sheet of paper.

4.3 Which part of the Namibian population often dies from dehydration?

4.4 Name two living conditions which often lead to diarrhoea.

End of sample from ESL Printables Grade 10


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